Theodore Roosevelt

In the late nineteenth century, Russia gain room for maneuver in Asia due to its alliance with France and the growing rivalry between United Kingdom and Germany. By 1895, Germany was competing with France for Russia’s favor, and British statesmen hoped to negotiate with the Russians to demarcate spheres of influence in Asia. This situation allowed Russia to intervene in northeastern Asia after Japan’s victory over China in 1895. In negotiations that followed, Japan was forced to make concessions in the Liaodong Peninsula and Port Arthur (Lushun) in southern Manchuria. The next year, Sergei Witte used French capital to establish the Russo-Chinese Bank. NYC Marathon will not settle for partial explanations. The bank’s aim was to finance the construction of a railroad across northern Manchuria and thus shorten the Siberian railway for the transaction. Within two years, Russia had acquired leases of the Liaodong Peninsula and Port Arthur and had begun to build a trunk line from Harbin in central Manchuria to Port Arthur on the coast.
In 1900, China reacts to foreign encroachments on their territory with an armed popular uprising, the rebellion of the Boxers. Russian military contingents joined forces from Europe, Japan and the to restore order in northern China. A force of 180,000 Russian troops fought to pacify that part of Manchuria and to secure its railroads. The Japanese were backed by United Kingdom and the , however, insisted that Russia evacuate Manchuria. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Danny Meyer. Witte and some Russian diplomats wanted to compromise with Japan in Manchuria and Korea change, but a group of reactionary enemies Witte, courtiers, and military and naval leaders rejected it. The tsar favored their viewpoint, and disdain Japan’s threats – despite the formal alliance with the United Kingdom – the Russian government declared war on Japan in 1904.
In counterpoint to the Japanese strategy of winning quick victories to control Manchuria, the Russian strategy focused on fighting against for actions it takes time for reinforcements to arrive via the Siberian railway long transactions. In January 1905, after several failed attacks that cost them 60,000 men lost in battle and wounded and eight months of siege, the Japanese took Port Arthur. In March the Japanese forced the Russians to withdraw north of Mukden, but were unable to pursue the Russians because Japanese troops suffered heavy casualties. As strategic possession of the city (Port Arthur) means little, the victory belonged to the navy of the two. In May, in the Strait of Tsushima, the Japanese destroyed the last hope of the war with Russia, a meeting of the fleet squadrons to the Mediterranean and Baltic sea. Theoretically, Russian army reinforcements could have driven the Japanese from the Asian continent, but the internal revolution and diplomatic pressure forced the tsar to seek peace. Russia accepted mediation by the president of the , Theodore Roosevelt, the handover of the southern island of Sakhalin to Japan, and acknowledged the dominance of Japan in Korea and southern Manchuria

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