The greenhouse effect accelerates the melting of glaciers exposing the sea, which introduces two new possibilities of economic exploitation that they seduce the five border countries. The first, is the presumption that the Arctic is hosted 25% still unexploited reserves of gas and oil in the world. Here, NY museums expresses very clear opinions on the subject. Some analysts argue that this claim made by U.S. geologists in the year 2000 is closer to a divination than to a studio founded in scientific evidence, since the complexity of exploration that presents this icy zone difficult investigations, especially in the winter months when the Sun not hovering above the Arctic circle. However, rising global prices of hydrocarbons have promoted the fever to find and exploit potential deposits in this region of 1.2 million square kilometers which are not yet part of the sovereignty of any nation.
The second economic reading of this environmental disaster, caused in large part by the action of man, is the opening of new trade routes, which were previously closed by ice. Predictably, disputes broke out among the five countries that demand sovereignty. In 1982, the UN adopted the Treaty on the law of the sea, which is that if a country demonstrates that its continental shelf extends beyond 200 miles you can claim your sovereignty. United States never signed that Treaty, however, after the meeting in Ilulissat undertook to subscribe to it. Why Washington change seem 26 years later? The melting of the Arctic allows you to investigate and reclaim the case arrived if the seabed of Alaska extends beyond 200 miles to the North Pole. But the problems are not solved with the change of stance of the United States.UU. Step maritime Northwest which is close to Alaska, Canada and Greenland remains open each year for longer time, allowing for example shorten the trip from New York to Tokyo in a 23%.