Central America

Most of the Brazilian production it is proceeding from sort PHASEOLUS (feijoeiro common), originary of the high regions of Central America (Mexico, Guatemala and Costa Rica). In percentile minor the Vigna sort (rope beans) or beans is cultivated to macassar that it has the northeast region as bigger producer. Brazil has produced, in recent years, around 2,2 the 2,5 million tons in 5 million hectares approximately cultivated. The states that more produce beans are Paran, Minas Gerais, So Paulo, Bahia and Gois, and almost correspond 70% of the amount produced in Brazil. In the State of Sergipe, the funny production around 20 a thousand tons with area planted around 50 a thousand hectares the area in study if detaches for being the producing greater of this leguminosa in the State with a production of about 5 a thousand tons per year. In the year of 2004 the expectation was that the production reached the 38500 tons.

In the city of Green Well if it consequently plants a variety of more than ten types of beans, being that the most planted and more looked for the profiteers, according to owners of deposits, &#039 is the type; ' carioca' ' that it is exported to So Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Espirito Santo and Recife. After that the beans of the type ' ' preto' ' that it has as destination Rio De Janeiro, So Paulo and Espirito Santo and the type mulatinho that follows for Pernambuco and Alagoas. Some small pooverdenses producers had told to be substituting the plantation of the beans of the type ' ' carioca' ' (of bigger search) for the type ' ' badaj' ' , justifying that the first one is more sensible intempries climatic. The beans has its offers all assured during the year due to its three distinct productive systems: beans of waters, beans of dries and winter beans.

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